AW1: Week 7, June 8th, 2018


  • Email me your Essay #1 Final draft, if you have not already done so.
  • Please tell me by email (if you did not tell me in class today)
    1. if you would like to read a collection of your classmates’ essays #1 (yes or no)
    2. if you agree to your essay #1 being included in the class collection (yes or no)
    3. if yes to #2, do you wish your name to appear on your essay or not?
    4. what method of feedback you prefer in future
      1. face-to-face
      2. handwritten comments on your paper
      3. error correction software (pink highlights, etc)
      4. some combination of the above

Today’s class

  1. Expressive vs communicative writing
    1. Communicative writing is writing with the reader in mind. 
  2. Essay writing is standard in most secondary schools in English-speaking countries in order to develop mental discipline, the ability to think objectively, logically and critically, and to express oneself clearly for the benefit of others.
    1. Essay writing is communicative rather than expressive writing.
    2. Some good examples are the essays by Francis Bacon and the Frenchman Michel Eyquem de Montaigne.
      1. Montaigne’s essays repay study, as he wrote his thoughts and feelings but somehow made them interesting and useful to his readers.
  3. Error correction – although most students expect their instructor to correct their English, error correction is not always an efficient method of learning, because
    1. the natural order of acquisition (I subscribe to Krashen’s theory of second language acquisition)
  4. Common errors among Japanese EFL students
    1. insufficient use of pronouns (resulting in too much repetition of nouns)
    2. insufficient use of relative pronouns and adverbs (which, that, whose, there, where, when, etc.), resulting in unnecessary repetition, unnecessarily long sentences or unnecessary multiple sentences.
  5. Discussion of typical errors in a sample student essay, marked using marking software. Download the sample essay here: AW1 Essay1 draft3 sample_4class
  6. 1-to-1 conferencing