AW1: WEEK 11, JUNE 28th, 2019

  • Write your first draft of essay #2 “Problem-solution”.
  • Type it, print it out and bring a copy to class next Friday. (I will collect your copy, so you need a copy of your own to work with for the following week.

Today’s class

  1. What is the problem?
    1. What is the consequence?
  2. Why is it a problem?
  3. Who is it a problem for?

All these questions need to be addressed in your essay, ideally in your introduction.

You can download today’s worksheet here.

Why is this important? Because you need to be sure that what you think is a problem is based on facts, not “image”.

E.g. “There has been an increase in the number of accidents caused by elderly drivers.” Has there? Is that a fact, supported by statistics, or is it an impression caused by media attention?

Angel Bank by Mita Norifusa. “Don’t be tricked by the media. Don’t be misled by images.” Good advice, in any culture.

Model of Argument(ation) (The Toulmin model)

An argument =

  • (1) a claim (an opinion +
  • (2) “grounds”/evidence) +
  • (3) support (warrant).
  • (4) rebuttal

E.g. “Students have too much homework” (1 – claim). “The evidence is that many students sleep in class.” (2 – grounds/evidence). “People who work too hard may fall asleep even during the day and at inappropriate times or in inappropriate places.” (3- warrant = a general rule or principle). “However, some people might say that students might fall asleep from playing too hard or some other reason” (4 – rebuttal).