Academic Writing I, week 13 : July 15th, 2016


  • Read the model essay on pages 70-1 of the textbook, “”
  • Choose a topic for your comparison-contrast essay (essay #3). You can use the list in “My Turn” on page 72 or you can choose your own topic.
  • Write the first draft of your essay (hand-written is ok) and bring it to class next week. This essay is due July 29th (the last class, week 15).

Today’s class

  1. Final check of essay #2 and hand in.
    1. 5 + 3 = 9  Correct or incorrect?
    2. 2 x 5 = 20  Correct or incorrect?
    3. 4x = 12.  x =4 x 12 = 48  Correct or incorrect?
    4. All the above examples are mathematically, logically incorrect. This is not a matter of opinion. Personal opinion has nothing to do with whether they are correct or not.
    5. In the same way, we should examine and analyze the following two sentences. Is the thinking correct or incorrect?
      1. “These days, low-carbohydrate diets are popular. However, a study conducted by the U.S. military using a zero-carbohydrate diet resulted in muscle loss and weakness among the participants.” Discuss. Do not give your opinion about diets, or low-carbohydrates diets.
      2. First, is it true that “low-carbohydrate diets are popular”? This needs to be examined for truthfulness.
      3. Second, “low-carbohydrate diet” si not the same as “zero-carbohydrate diet”. Because the two are not the same, the conclusion of the article is also incorrect.
        1. zero-carbohydrate diet = dangerous.
        2. Therefore low-carbohydrate diet= dangerous. INCORRECT. Because
          1. low-carbohydrate ≠ zero-carbohydrate.
          2. Therefore, low-carbohydrate diet ≠ dangerous.
      4. Third, what exactly is a “zero-carbohydrate diet”? Is that even possible? Carbohydrates are found not only in bread, rice and starches (potatoes, etc), but also in carrots and other vegetables. To really have a “zero-carbohydrate diet” would mean not eating carrots or those vegetables which had some carbohydrates in them. This is nearly impossible to achieve. Exactly what were these soldiers in the study given to eat? We need more details.
      5. Fourth, people who are interested in low-arbohydrate diets (or any diets) are usually ordinary people, but the people in the study are not ordinary but soldiers in the military, who have very different lifestyles and nutrition needs. Therefore, any conclusion drawn from this study does not necessarily apply to ordinary people.
      6. Fifth, the article tries to suggest that low-carbohydrate diets are dangerous because zero-carbohydrate diets are dangerous. It does not state this, but merely suggests it. People read “zero-carbohydrate = dangerous” and so they assume that “low-carbohydrate also = dangerous”. But this is incorrect thinking (see step #2 above).
  2. Textbook Unit 3. Page 70. Read section C
  3. p. 71-2 practice 2 – on looseleaf paper
  4. p. 70 practice 10 – on looseleaf paper.
  5. Start writing you r essay #3.

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