Critical Reading A – week 4, May 9th, 2012

ad hominem

(geese = ガチョウ)

Today’s report is from Mr. Yoshida:

In today’s class, we learned

  • vague generalization (総論、概論、一般的言明、見解等)
  • vague terms (曖昧な言い回し、曖昧な用語、漠然とした言葉)
  • wrong reasoning (誤った論証)
  • appeal to consensus, 意見の一致、大多数の意見、世論、合意、総意 に訴え
  • non-sequitur, 〈ラテン語〉不合理な[誤った]推論[結論]、 〔前言と〕無関係な発言
    • complete non sequitur 《a ~》全くつじつまが合わないこと

    and

  • ad hominem.
      1. 〈ラテン語〉理性より感情に訴えて
      1. 〈ラテン語〉〔議論などで〕人の性格を攻撃して、人身攻撃の
    • ad hominem attack
      〔議論などでの〕個人[人身]攻撃
    • argumentum ad hominem
      〈ラテン語〉対人論証

My best impression is definition.

Q: What kind of society do you want to live in?

A: Peaceful, safe, no war, no weapons.etc…

Q:What is needed for a peaceful society?

A:Mm…

I will about these things from now on.

Homework is difficult, but I will do my best.

See you next Wednesday!

Homework:

Translate and analyze this paragraph. Are there any vague generalizations, vague terms, faulty reasoning, non-sequiturs, appeals to consensus, etc?

There is a new theory about how the the universe was born. It is supported by many respected scientists. According to this theory, a cloud of antimatter collided with a cloud of matter. Stars were created which gave out energy in pulses. These pulses would make stars twinkle. Researchers have found that all stars twinkle. Therefore, this theory is correct.

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