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Textbook pp 8-9 Practice 3
Read the sample essay on pp 15-16
What did you read in English recently?
free writing (5 mins) about what you read or your classmates read
What are the characteristics of academic writing? part 2.
NB Next class (week 4) will be in 2 weeks’ time, on May 6th.
Find something easy and interesting to read in English.
Choose a topic and start writing your explanatory essay.
A social or other problem that affects a large number of people that you are concerned about
A holiday or trip you took.
A place, person or event that you have strong feelings about.
Returned wk1 writing
Free writing: about something you read in English recently.
Textbook p2 A what is an essay?
P3, essay format
P4 practice 1.
P7 practice 2
Characteristics of academic writing
Bloom’s taxonomy comment.
Bloom’s taxonomy is a pyramid. The idea is that human thinking starts with knowledge, information. Then it progresses upwards towards more and more complex and sophisticated thinking processes. However, these sophisticated processes are impossible without the lower levels. E.g. analysis is not possible without knowledge (level 1) and understanding (level 2).
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Write a detailed outline for your “Persuasive” essay.
Write the first draft of your essay (complete) and bring it to class next week.
Exchange your arguments and counter-arguments with a classmate and give him/her some feedback.
List your arguments in order of importance.
Textbook p. 99 E: read.
P. 00 Practice 5. Write your answers on a piece of looseleaf paper and hand in at the end of the class.
Start writing your outline and essay.
To be persuasive, an essay in English needs to consider opposing points of view, otherwise it is one-sided and a one-sided essay is not persuasive. For example, an essay that only talks about the positive side of nuclear power, but not the negative, sounds like propaganda. The writer may be considered ignorant – doesn’t he know about the negative side of nuclear power? Is he stupid? Clearly, the writer has not thought about this matter seriously, or done any research.
Some of the topics chosen by this class are:
the death penalty
banning pets shops from selling animals
improving cell-phone manners
Whether or not to join a club
Whether or not school uniform is a good idea.
Downloading music without paying: should it be illegal?
To write a good, persuasive essay, you need to know the main arguments both FOR and AGAINST.
The death penalty:
FOR: it is a deterrent. It deters criminals from committing violent crimes.
AGAINST: life is a gift given by God. It is not man’s to give or to take away. Also, one of the Ten Commandments is “Thou shalt not kill.”
FOR: Human beings are responsible for a huge increase in “greenhouse gases” such as CO2, which are making the whole planet warmer. If this is not stopped, the ice caps will melt and the sea levels will rise resulting in much damage and loss of life.
FOR: It is cruel to animals. People do not care for their pets properly and many are abandoned after a short time.
AGAINST: Private property – what business people do is a private matter and the government has no right to interfere. Further, there are serious consequences if the government interferes in private business.
Whether or not school uniform is a good idea:
FOR: It avoids embarrassment for poor students who cannot afford the nice clothes that rich students would wear. In addition, another purpose is to distinguish between different schools.
AGAINST: the original purpose of school uniform in Japan can be clearly seen by the origin for the design – the Prussian military. The differences between school uniforms is minimal (compare that between different British schools, for example), so this argument is weak. If the purpose was to distinguish between schools, why are all uniforms black?
Downloading music from the Internet – should it be illegal?
FOR: Property rights. The creator of the music is the one who should decide whether to give it away for free or to charge for it and how much. The music was created by the musician’s own brain and musical talent and hard work, therefore the rewards (the profits) also belong to that person. Downloading music without paying is stealing.
AGAINST: Digital content cannot be “stolen”. The person downloading is only making a COPY of the original, not STEALING the original.
In addition, if you are recommending some action by the government (as in topics 1, 2, 3 and 7 above), you should be aware of the main purpose of government. In the English-speaking world, the purpose of government is to protect the rights of the citizens.
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Some students gave me their homework from last week (I asked for it after class had finished, and some students had already left the room). If you typed your “Place” and “Person” writings, then please email them to me. If you wrote them by hand, give them to me next time (May 9th).
Choose a topic for your next essay (read textbook p94 Section D and the model essay on pp 91-2), and write the first draft. Bring it to class next week (October 25). We will read and comment on each others’ drafts. Handwritten is ok at this stage.
Read these pages and sections in the textbook, and answer the questions in the textbook:
p. 3 section B
p. 4 practice 1
p. 6 section C
p. 8 section A
p. 9 practice 4
Read this short essay by French economist and thinker Frederic Bastiat called “How Paris is Fed” (bonus points if you can find an online Japanese translation) and write some your answers to these questions:
Was it interesting? Why (or why not)?
Did you feel you wanted to read more? Why (why not)?
Did you enjoy reading it? Why? Which parts (sentences, words, images, etc) did you enjoy?
Freewriting 2: same but for a neighbour: edit your freewriting #1 to create a piece of writing that you would be happy to let your neighbour in class read (or write something completely new, or mix the two, it’s up to you)
Freewriting 3: same but for whole class – edit your freewriting #2 (if necessary, if you want to) to create a piece of writing that could be read by the whole class.
Freewriting 4: how did your writing change? Did it change? Which was easier to write? Which was most interesting to read?
Get back your last week’s papers
Random groups of 5-6 students: share your list of possible topics, then say which one you chose & why. Make suggestions, ask questions, give feedback.
Changed your mind about topic? If so, change it now.
Each person told the whole class about their topic ( title only, not reasons)
Freewriting 5: about today’s class.
Hmwk:Comparison/contrast essay draft #1 – don’t worry about format, or grammar, or spelling. These can be dealt with later.